The Potala, one of the most famous architectural works, is
erected on top of the Red Hill in Lhasa. The word "Potala" comes
from Sanskrit. In 7th century, after the Tibetan King Songtsen
Gampo's marriage with Princes Wencheng of the Tang Court, the
Palace was built for meditation. In the mid -17th century, it
was rebuilt by the 5th Dalai Lama to its present size, and ever
since it became the Winter Palace of the Dalai Lamas. The
construction took fifty years from its beginning to completion.
The Potala is divided into two sections, namely, the Red Palace
and White Palace. The total height of the Potala is 117m which
is built in thirteen storeys, the length of the Potala from east
to west has 400m and the breadth from south to north has 350m.
The whole building is a structure of stone and timber. ream of
Tibetan culture and complex of Tibetan and Han culture.
The capital of Tibet, at an altitude of 3650m, is situated on
the north of bank of Kyichu River, a tributary of the Yarlung
Tsangpo river. Lhasa in Tibetan means " Place of the Gods" and
Potala Palace, the Residence of Dalai Lama ( The God King), is
the earthly representation of the celestial Palace of
Avaloketeswora, The Buddha of infinite compassion whose
ncarnation in the human form is believed to be the Dalai Lama.
It is a city truly blessed by the gods where life is unburied.
No tour of Tibet is complete without a visit to Tsedang,
situated 170km Southeast of Lhasa in the Yarlung Valley along
the banks of the Tsangpo River (Brahmaputra) The cradle of
Tibetan civilization. This region abounds with important
historical landmarks such as Samye, Yumbulkhangm Chonggye,
Mindroling and others.
YAMBULAKHANG PALACE: Situated about 12 km south of Tsedang, Si
the first palace built by the Tibet and for their first recorded
king Nyatri Tsedpo, who is believed to have descended from
heaven. It is a 05 storied fortress-like dwelling built on the
spur of a bill that commands an impressive view of the entire
fertile valley. It was destroyed during the cultural revolution
and the present structure is an exact replica of the original
SAMYE MONASTERY : Lies about 40km to the west of Tsedang across
the Tsangpo River. It is the first monastery built by King
Trisong Detsen in the latter part of the 08 the century. Samye
Monastery combines 03 distinctive architectural styles that of
India, China and Tibet, symbolizing the source, stability and
spread of the Buddhist faith. With the building of this
monastery, the community of monks began.
Is a pastoral town between Lhasa and Shigatse. It is 264km South
west of Lhasa. It still retains the charm of a traditional
Tibetan town untouched by modern expansion. It made world
headlines in 1904 when colonel Young Husband, who led a British
expedition to Tibet, defeated the Tibetan army there. As a
crossroads on the principle trade route to India, it used to be
renowned for the excellence of the carpets. The compound,
encircled by an impressive wall, once contained 19 monasteries,
presided over by the still intact fortress Perched a top a
The town of Shigatse (Xigaze) is called "Center of Rear Tibet",
sits at the confluence of Nyangchu and Yarlung Tsangbo Rivers
about 250 kilometers to the west of Lhasa. This second largest
city in Tibet at an elevation of 3,800 meters has a history of
more than five centuries. The region around is historically
known as the Rear Tibet and Shigatse has been its political,
business, cultural and religious center. The residence for all
the Panchen Lamas has been traditionally in the town.
The city located between altitude 29°2' north and longitude
88°8' east, with a population of 70,000. The annual rainfall is
300 to 450 mm, the average annual temperature is 6°C and the
frost-free period is 160 days.
Shigatse region enjoys a moderate climate with plenty of
sunshine. The fertile river valley is one of the granaries of
Tibet. The town proper has undergone a construction boom with
roads leading to Ngari in the west, the Qomolangma Nature
Reserve and border with Nepal in the south, Nakchu to the north
and Lhasa and Shannan to the east.
The ancient town of Shigatse has become well-known for its past
and rich cultural tradition with Palcho, Sakya, Pingcuolin and
Juenang monasteries and Pala Estate as well as the Qomolangma
Nature Reserve covering an area of over 30,000 square kilometers
in the nearby region. The annual ceremony of display of Buddha
tapestry, the Sorcerer's Dance Festival, the Ximuqingpo Festival
at the Shalu Monastery and the active local Tibetan theater are
popular attractions to visitors.
With its rich cultural tradition, majestic monasteries,
breath-taking scenery and convenient location, Shigatse has
become on of the most popular tourist destination in Tibet.
Tingiri / Zangbu
Mount Qomolangma, also known as Mt. Everest, meaning Mother
Goddess of the Universe in Tibetan, is the highest peak in the
world. Standing at 8848 meters (29028 feet), snow capped
throughout the year, she lies at the border between China and
Nepal. The North Col of Everest is located in Tinggri (Shegar).
Massive glaciers and seracs feature a thrilling splendor. The
peak has been a holy climbing attraction for world's
mountaineers. In recent years, more and more mountaineers start
from the Everest Base Camp trying to conquer the world's highest
peak while tourists trek to the foot of the peak to enjoy its
Starting 30 kilometers (20 miles) south from New Tinggri, one
will reach a checkpoint. 11 kilometers (7miles) west of the
checkpoint, a new road and an old one turn off south to Everest
Base Camp. A 78-kilometer (48-mile) trek leads to Rongbuk
Monastery, which is the highest monastery on the earth. Its
altitude is 5,100 meters (16728 feet). The monastery was founded
in 1899, as a Nyingmapa monastery, it was said that once
Padmasambhava, founder of Nyingmapa, proceeded his religious
cultivation here. The monastery, having 8 sub-monasteries
including a nunnery, was destroyed in the Cultural Revolution,
is gradually being restored. It houses Lamas and nuns in the
same monastery. Sakyamuni and Padmasambhava are enshrined in the
small temple. Pilgrims treks a long way to pay votive offerings
or see lamas playing operas during big Buddhist days.